publication norms

All manuscripts must be unpublished and written in English, French or Italian. If present, descriptions must scrupulously comply with the ICZN. All manuscripts must be sent to the publisher, editor or by means of the Biotaxa platform in Word or PDF format. Pictures must be submitted separately.

Manuscript drafting

If an author’s native language is not English, they are encouraged to have their manuscripts proofread by a native English-speaking co-worker before submission. Nomenclature must comply with the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature (4th edition, 1999). When the scientific name of any animal species is mentioned for the first time, the author(s) of species name must be given (it is not necessary to provide the year of publication; however, in case the author provides it, they are required to give a full reference of this in the reference list). It is not necessary to indicate the authors of plant species names. Metric systems should be used. If possible, use “Times New Roman” as a font and utilize the lowest number of formattings possible (only employ bold and italics where necessary). Special symbols (such as male or female sign) should be avoided  as they might be subject to alteration when files are read on different machines  (e.g. a Mac and a PC with different language systems). The style of each author will generally be respected, but it must comply with the following general guidelines:

the title 

must be concise and informative. The highest taxa containing the taxa explained in the paper must be put between parentheses. For instance, a taxonomic revision of the genus Aus (Order: family). If possible, do not exceed 20 words;


The names of all authors  

of the article must be provided and written in lowercase. The address of each author should be indicated through a separate numbered line. If possible, e-mail addresses should also be provided; 

the abstract 

must be concise and informative. In case new names and combinations are proposed in the paper, these must be mentioned. In addition to the English version, abstracts written in other languages can also be included. The abstract should be followed by a list of key words;


The position of the main text varies depending on the nature of each article (a taxonomic review, a phylogeny analysis, a catalogue, etc.). However, usually it should start with an introduction and end with a list of references. The latter should be cited within the text as, for instance, “Sargut (2001)”, “Sargut & Sargut (2002)”, or “Sargut et al. (2004)” (when more than three authors). As an alternative, references could also be placed between parentheses (Sargut 2001; Sargut & Sargut 2002; Sargut et al. 2004). All the literature cited within the text must be listed in alphabetical order in the references,  as the following:

  • Journal paper

Sargut, B. (2001) Paper title. Full newspaper title, volume number, issue number (if possible) and page range;

  • Book chapter 

Sargut, B. & Sargut, C. (2002) Chapter title. In: Sargut, B., Sargut, B., & Sargut, F. (Eds), Book title. Publisher’s name and location, pages X-a; 

  • Book

Sargut, B., Sargut, C. & Sargut, D. (2001) Book title. Publisher’s name and location, xyz pp.;

  •  Internet resources: 

Sargut, B. (2005) Web site name, database or other resources, publisher’s name and location (if provided), page number (if known). Available at: (Date of access). Theses from university studies and non-serial documents of conferences/symposia must be treated as books and cited as such.

When not cited, papers must not be listed in the references. Please be aware that: Newspaper titles must be written in full (not abbreviated) and page ranges must be linked by “n-“. With reference to websites, it is relevant to include your last date of access, as they might be moved or deleted from their previous web addresses.

  • Illustrations, tables and pictures: 

tables, illustrations and pictures must also be provided in separate files. They should be placed at the end of the manuscript.

Use the “table” function within the word processor in order to create tables. In this way, when size and width of the table font are modified, cells, rows and columns will stay aligned. Illustrations must be clear and have a good contrast. Small illustrations should be grouped into illustrated tables. Pictures must be sent in .tif, .jpg or .pdf format (PC-compatible formats are strongly preferred). Pictures in digital format must be arranged as follows: they must be saved in .pdf or .tif format (300 dpi). Linear figures must be saved in .tif or .jpg format (300 dpi).